Archive for October, 2013

The identity of the so-called military character. ( Dog tags )

October 27th, 2013

dog tags

Almost all of us who once hoped to be the discoverer of a treasure. Childhood dreams sometimes come true and I do not mean chest full of gold , as a treasure to be close to the heart , for someone else is not worth even a penny . In the nineties of the last century , also Polish , became trendy searching with a metal detector . With each year comes the so-called hunters . military . The method is very simple. Studying the maps, books about fighting on Polish soil , taken detector and shovel and you have to move into the area . Most are riddled with bullets rust and the elements of military equipment such as bayonets , buckles , buttons, helmets, bowls , coins , etc. But nothing gives the seeker satisfaction , delivering messages to find its user. One of these findings are ” dog tags ” , or military identification marks . The one who presented the picture belonged to a German soldier . It comes from the period of World War II. It should explain his identity : 548 – number of the soldier , 5.Shwd . – Probably means 5 Squadron, Fahr Ers – Abt.3 – means vehicles spare 3rd battalion reserve battalion or three vehicles , A – the blood group determination . I found ” immortal” aluminum plate is divided into two halves , allowing you to identify the soldier in case of his death . Both halves contain the same data , which we have already mentioned. In the case of the death of a soldier , the upper half of the two holes were left on the body in a makeshift grave generally , and the lower one hole passed to the archive in order to inform the family. Practically, this was the only chance for those who died in the fight for the homeland is not unknown to anyone other soldiers. Characters were issued with military booklet . Worn around the neck usually in a case made of a thin skin on the braided cotton cord with a length of about 80 cm. In place of the laces and used chains . One of the first who initiated the identification of the troops were Americans , with signs of identity even during the Civil War. On a larger scale, ” Dog ” appeared during the First World War . Unique identification marks owned Austro-Hungarian soldiers . It was a closed container with a hinged piece of paper in the middle. On it were discharged all user data . German air units during World War II, apply the ” Dog ” in stainless steel , resistant to high temperature. There was also a lot samoróbek where soldiers put their name, the name of the place of residence or the name of the battle attended . German sailors to avoid losing the ” dog tag ” for example, when jumping into the water, tied it to a string onto the left shoulder and running under the right armpit. Another element used was altering the mark on bracelets or sew thread through the hole to the belt or uniform. Its markings were also German civilians working for the military, forced laborers and prisoners of concentration camps . In large factories and camps, the use of signs of identity was necessary due to the large number of people residing in the factory or a concentration camp. He was usually on their number and the number of prisoner camp. Most, however, the number was trimmed camper prison garb . Returning to the ” dog tag ” section of the pictures , after finding a soldier tried to establish personalities and odnaleść his family. Despite the support of Deutsche Dienststelle ( WASt ) from Berlin , the Foundation “Remembrance ” from Warsaw , Volksbund Deutscher Kriegsgraberfursorge of Kassel, the Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Council for the Protection of Struggle and safety of Warsaw and the Board of the Polish Red Cross , and so far I did not succeed. Recently, I decided to return to the subject , and perhaps the history of the ” dog tag ” is not over yet . The identity of this sign posted on their pages ” Glos Wielkopolski ” in 2003. Check out the gallery .

dog tags

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British war games

October 27th, 2013


In May 1945, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was certain that Stalin did not honor its commitments to the Yalta Conference ( February 1945 ) . It was found there that the state occupied by Soviet troops themselves have chosen their authorities. He said then : ” I’m not going to be deceived on the Polish , even if we are on the brink of war with Russia .” Prime Minister commissioned the then Joint Planning Staff development and evaluation of the plan the attack on the Soviet Union. He wanted to know if he has any chance of success . As it turned victory in the war was very uncertain. The plan bore the code name ” Unthinkable ” and as such was sent to the most secret part of the archive. This material was strictly secret known only to a handful of small number of people . It was revealed in 1998, and today, this document can be viewed in the British National Archives ( Catalogue ref: CAB 120/691 ) .


However, Stalin quickly learned of its existence through his London Spy . His concern may cause oral command Churchill Marshal Montgomery to do inventory of German weapons against its ” future use ” . Stalin knew that he becomes an enemy number one in Europe.    The paper consists of 38 pages and include an assessment of the potential effectiveness of the Allied attack on the Soviet Union . In this war game planned attack was to take place on the 1st of July 1945 British Prime Minister also wanted to know if you can take advantage of this confrontation remains of the Wehrmacht and the economic potential of Germany. Chief of Staff of the British General Alan Brooke was appalled by the plan. He wrote in his diary that Churchill ” committed for the next war.” Perhaps one of the reasons tendencies Churchill was his knowledge of the American project ” Manhattan” . The United States had been within range of nuclear weapons , which in the event of a confrontation with the USSR, the Allies could benefit . Or maybe they were reported to analysts about the possibility of the Red Army “on Middle East oil fields and offensive in Southeast Asia .”    So the attack , which as I mentioned was to begin on July 1 , had to move divisions of British, American , Polish and German . The basis for a successful attack would be a surprise and immediately taking the lead in the air and at sea. It was assumed that aggression will meet with a positive assessment opinni public in the West, and the nations that are under the Soviet occupation will support the Allies .According to the estimates of analysts in the first few days the Allies would be able to put 47 divisions including 14 armored . Reconstituted Forces Wehrmacht was estimated to be 10 divisions including one armored , adding that they can not guarantee their suitability in the first stage of the battle . The potential of Poles by planners was 4 divisions . Russians are able to withstand the forces of 170 divisions , including 30 armored . At first glance the large disparity of power armor amounting to 2:1 , and 4:1 infantry . Advantage Allied naval concerned only , but she was not able to fundamentally change the course of the campaign.    The Red Army was mainly concentrated in central and there a planned major offensive . Strike called Move on two fronts. The first ran on the line saw Szczecin Bydgoszcz , and the second – Cottbus – Leipzig Town. The decisive battle armor were to take place east of the Oder – Neisse . Planners wrote down : ” If we win there , we can get to the line Gdańsk – Wrocław” . At the same time it was found that when started to be real problems . Formed two options. The first involved the continued march to the east. But further fighting would last in the autumn-winter season while improving lines of communication . The second option was introduced to stop the attack and wait out until the spring , but this in turn would give the Soviets time to regain strategic advantage and rebuild strength. There remained the question of Soviet troops located in Bohemia and Moravia . If you reach the Vistula to the troops were on the right flank of the Allies. Russians themselves from these areas would not come out , so it should be directed against a force as undermining the main front. In fact, analysts forecast that ” there is no such limit which, if exceeded by the Allies break the Russian resistance. Nor can it be assumed that the Allies would be able to come so far so fast in Russia and Germany in 1942 , and even then not brought them success. ” It is hard to disagree with that opinion .    As we can see possible defeat of the Red Army was a very daring challenge. No evidence did not indicate that, even with the support of the German and Polish divisions , you can break down the Russians. As noted in the report : “Although the Allies are more organized , have a slightly better weapons and higher morale , the Russians proved to be a formidable opponent for the Germans . Possess competent commanders , appropriate equipment and organization that (but does not fit our standards ) passed the test. On the other hand, only one third of all its divisions is in very good condition . remainder is relatively weak in comparison with the Allied less mobile . ” Although not ruled out victory in total war , and perhaps nuclear . (!) It would take a very long time and would be very expensive .    According to estimates tactics Russians could rely on a phasing in an easterly direction to extend the Allied lines of communication . As well as the attack on Norway and Greece or Petroleum deposits in the Middle East. The invasion was very disturbing to Turkey ( cut , Black Sea ) . In the event of conflict, Moscow certainly sabotowałaby lines of communication and exploited its many agents in the West.    Despite the quantitative advantage of the Red Army on the British Allied forces perceived chance of success of the operation in surprise and qualitative superiority of its forces . It was written : ” The Russian military is struggling with heavy losses and fatigue. Tactical Training is worse than that of the German forces . Should be taken into account the low level of education in the Red Army , all the experts were sent to specialized troops . Lacks a well educated and trained staff officers and mid-level commanders . emerging information that the Russian leadership has great difficulty maintaining discipline . Looting and drunkenness are common acting effect of war fatigue connections and contacts with more than at home in the material standard . Any resumption of hostilities that Europe would be a big burden for Red Army. Headquarters would have difficulties in maintaining morale , especially among the lower -ranking foot soldiers . effect could be strengthened if the Allies had applied an effective propaganda ” . It was also noted that ” most Americans demonstrated a clear reluctance to Russians. Applies even Berling’s army , which currently has 10 divisions – Moscow can not be sure that it will support Berling’s army , or at least remain neutral .”    The entire plan was discussed among the highest commanders of May 31, 1945 , the Chief of Staff Alan Brooke idea summed by the words ” the whole idea is of course fantastic, but the chances of success are slim . There is no doubt that from now on Russia is a legitimate power in Europe ” . It was clear that the attack on the Soviet Union had to be completed , if not immediately , then quickly defeat.

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October 20th, 2013



Soldier dead in order to fight and how you need it is dying. Fight for freedom of the country , for the freedom of the people , for justice, for oil, for money, for religion, revenge , hatred of stupid politicians , etc. Themes of war are many, but for every war ever killed soldiers . Death of a soldier , in most cases , it is so beautiful and pure as a Latin show is terrible , often painful , and in many cases the body is slain little or non-existent . This is mainly due to nieśmiertelnikom not grow a list of missing without a trace and the families of the fallen, in accordance with international law , may seek financial assistance from the state, have a right to the body of the fallen and if not possible, to provide their family, indicate the place of their burial. History of immortals in the Russian army dates back to the nineteenth century, probably . There is a legend [ 1] that the First Dog emerged during Russian – Turkish War , where supposedly in 1877, all the soldiers of one of the regiments of the guard before heading to war with Bulgaria were equipped with ” metal chips from a string to wear around his neck ” [2] . The chips were behind the name of the regiment , battalion number , the number of companies and the number of soldiers . The documents and orders ( laws ) there is nowhere to sign any order in writing of such immortals normalized release at this time , so us treat this story as a legend.

Dog tag is a kind of metal medallion / boxes ( copied pattern Austrian dog tag ) with dimensions of 50x33x4 mm , which is composed of two halves. The parchment sheet placed in the center of the data stored chemical indelible pencil or ink by the printed pattern. Due to the size of the blank on a piece of paper that could fit only the most relevant data such as first name, last name , year and place of birth , year of establishment of the army , religion, number of companions ( battery , troop ), the number and name of the regiment. Medallion is worn on a string or ribbon around his neck under his uniform . Until the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk to the line provided a small amount of immortals wz.1917 and the Bolshevik October Revolution slowed the delivery even more. Among collectors and hunters , not only in Poland but also in many other countries , repent and be thoughtlessly copied from tsarist misconception ” licznyj sign” is a Dog . No! ” Licznyj character ” (personal number) Dog is not , although large quantities of these chips is on the battlefields of the Great War in the places where they fought and died Russian soldiers . ” Licznyj sign” is a specific type of identity document at the same time confirming the soldier and the person holding it is a soldier on a pass legal or business trip . [4] During the Civil War and the War of Polish soldiers in 1920, the Worker – Peasant Red Army ( RKKA ) without immortals Most militant killed , seriously wounded or captured Russians on the list of losses listed as missing , because it is impossible to identify them by name . Order No 856 of 14 August 1925 ” О введении в действие ‘ Инструкции по использованию медальонов с личными сведениями о военнослужащих РККА и РКВМФ ‘ ” [5 ] requires the release of all persons serving in the Army and Navy as well as all new bottom-up , character identity. Medallion pattern . 1925 is a copy of the tsarist medallion pattern . 1917 and, like the imperial dog tag is a metal box with dimensions of 50x33x4 mm . Changed only print on a piece of paper which is placed inside the locket .

Russian dog tags


Data that are recorded on the form parchment [ 6 ] of the printed pattern are: – the name – name – Name of the Father – Date of birth – ” Wojenkomat ” ( Polish equivalent HCR ) – Circuit ( republic ) – The town (village ) of residence – The degree of business Forms medallion filled kompanijny writer chemical ink. Dog tag wz.1925 had to wear on his chest under his uniform on a string or ribbon . Medallion was also at the same time proof of identity and RKWMF RKKA soldier . In the wake of rampant terrorism in the 30’s in the Soviet Union and the so-called . “Purge ” in the ranks of the Army and Navy , 25 August 1937 it was a medallion wz.1925 is abolished. There are many speculations as to why this happened , the most likely reason and how absurd is that the Order No. 856 on the introduction of the medallion wz.1925 signed the ” enemy of the people ” [7 ] and as such is an enemy soldier medallion RKKA and RKWMF . 21st of December 1939 the order of the National Commissioner of defense of the USSR No. 238 re- introduced for use in with dog tag . In 1925 . Reloaded medallion was caused huge losses RKKA during the fighting with Japan in the Far East , the campaign in Poland and the start of the Winter War with Finland . Old model ” smiertnika ” is supplemented by new ” tested ” models of containers for paper application forms . Then introduced a new form of metal packaging in the shape of a closed cylinder , and the first series of pencil cases bakelite . 20th June 1940 Dog disappear again equip soldiers of the Red Army .

15th March 1941 and order No. 138, [8] introduced a new design dog tag for the Army and Navy.  The housing is made of rubber and has the shape of an elongated octagonal container black or brown with dimensions 50x14mm, with an internal diameter of 8mm with detachable lid.  The interior of the container placed in two identical save for the printed design sheet of parchment. These cards have dimensions 180x40mm (frontier troops and NKVD was supplied in sheet size 280x53mm with a vertical green stripe width of 5 mm over the entire length of the blank) and were written in pencil on the chemical the following information:  – the name  – name  – Name of the Father  – Year of birth  – The level of military  – Place of birth (republic, region, city, county, village)  – Immediate family data (name and address of a relative)  – “Wojenkomat” soldier  – By blood. J. Jański classification (I to IV)


The blanks not placed any formation in which the unit is a soldier . Dog tag wz.1941 accordance with the rules had to be stored in special pocket pants ( on the right side below the waist ) . There was also a version of this medallion with a special eye for attaching a cord or ribbon and wear it around your neck under his uniform . Proceedings of the sheets tightly regulated Immortelle Order No. 138, which defined that team sanitary soldier killed after finding he took out of the container only one card , the other put back into pencil case and left the dead . So it was only in theory. In practice , especially in 1941 , there was no time to search for their dead , and among the soldiers RKKA there was a superstition that if you fill out a form surely die. For this reason, the print filled . Did not do it too, because the blanks are not supplied in time , there was a writer kompanijnego , one of the soldiers in the subunit could not write. Often, instead of blanks soldier wanted to stay in a pencil case matches , sewing needles and similar items . These and many other reasons that led to the situation today finds many nameless remains of Soviet soldiers in the fields of past battles , and it is Order No. 138 for the first time clearly defined and when killed will be buried and by whom. Before the war ( the Soviet Union in June 1941 is the year) and in the middle of it was unable to produce the necessary number of immortals , because it was used so many alternative forms . The most frequently used old stocks medallions wz.1925 ( or only blank paper ) . Often, the dog tag chalks produced from wood or metal , as well as scales pistol and rifle . Forms also were different and the ” factory ” of the printed template to fill out, as well as those made ​​of ordinary paper or torn pages from a book of hand- written name and address. In the besieged Leningrad produced and used so-called . ” Blokadnika ” or green round container with screw cap , simpler and cheaper to produce than a standard pencil case octagonal pattern . In 1941 .


17th In November 1942 RKKA and RKWMF was required Order No. 376 which prohibits the issuance and re- use of immortals wz.1941 [9 ] , as well as any other model . Reason for the introduction of this order is not entirely clear. Theoretically, the only evidence and proof of identity , and in a sense the ” Dog ” was to be the book Red Army . Just like a paper notebook is to provide the identity of the soldier as his body lies in the mud for a few days. Why were withdrawn from the Army Dog Tags and Fleet ? Not applicable. One can only presume that purely economic considerations were the basis for the withdrawal of Immortelle wallpaper . In 1941 . Families of the fallen soldiers provided by the State pension and welfare , families of soldiers declared missing had nothing from the state and often they become to harassment and repression – Stalin’s order No. 270 of 16 August 1941 . By the end of the war officers, soldiers and sailors did not have regular dog tag . Under the front , so as not to be nameless missing , Soviet soldiers signed their personal items and equipment. On the battlefields of World War II , where he fought the Russians , often is signed , not only your name but also the number and address of the immediate family , spoons , canteen , mess tins , cigarette cases and many other items . Interesting are found specially cut aluminum plates of various shapes with engraved name and the name of the unit , which are specific samoróbkami immortals .


At the end of World War II soldiers conscripted and professional non-commissioned officers still had no signs of identity. Dog tag with an individual number were issued only officers from January 1958 under the order of 125 to 3 July 1957roku [ 10]. The main points of this order quote to illustrate the principles of distribution of chips and continue with their investigation . 1 Dog tag seems to all officers , generals and admirals who are on active duty and in the reserve. Once assigned number is fixed at the time of service by the officer as well as the length of stay of an officer in the reserve. After removal from the state mobilization officer ‘s personal number is not assigned to another officer , but forever is assigned to him . 2 Personal number consists of a series and six digits. Series is a single letter of Russian alphabet, such as : Б – 123456 . 3 The assigned officer placed the number in all documents concerning him , such as the legitimacy of the officer , personal orders , etc. Every officer after receiving the pin number is required to inform the next of kin and what is the series number of the dog tag . The family dealing with the administration of the Soviet Army officer to issue State concerned , put in all the papers next to the name .

4 Chip union officer shall be issued together with the promotion of legitimacy officer at a military academy, the registration of first-degree officer . Since then, the immortal officer is always with you . Reserve officer can issue the promotion of the first officer at the college level civil . His dog tag chip is stored in a ” war – komatach “, the right of his place of residence in the officer’s personnel records . He thinks it is only during exercise or during reserve mobilization. In case of loss ( loss ) chip by professional officer or a reserve officer does not feel it is new with the new number only used for making a duplicate of a lost dog tag . The costs charged to the implementation of a duplicate officer who lost his marker . 5 At the same time the token is filled with a special form of data officer , such as: – Number of the officer’s personal – Surname, first name , father’s name – Day, month , year and place of birth – Military rank at the date of filling the paper ( no order , date, who signed the order of promotion) – Name of the office issuing the token (university , ” wars KOMAT ” ) – On the back: the immediate family and the address where the officer has a wife is the family name, the name of his father ‘s wife , in the case of bachelors name, first name and father’s name next of kin Cards filled with ink , handwriting legible without amendment. Completed cards are stored in an officer ‘s personal file on the fly updating personal information.


6 In legitymacjach officers , books, materials , and all personal documents token number of the officer entered immediately after the name of his father. 7 Immortelle Description : tile made from metal ( aluminum ) oval plate thickness 1.5 – 2mm size 45x26mm . The obverse chip is divided into two horizontal longitudinal line. Above it were broken string ВС СССР [11 ] and the line placed in series and number . At one end of the hollow tile is a hole with a diameter of 3 to 4mm to przytroczenia chip uniform . Chips kept while serving the special pocket pants in front of the right or left side of the strap above the pocket , strapped with a string or ribbon to the pants. Reverse token is not saved. The Soviet Army uniform all regulations were freely interpreted and ways to wear the chip also were different. How , who, where and when he had to wear dog tags mod. 1957 defined the unit commander . The chip is worn and probably for today is to : – Pinned to the keys to the premises – Attached a pad so . ” Float ” [12 ] , from the middle tunic – On a chain , cord or ribbon around his neck – Attached , sewn to the cover of legitimacy officer – Loose in your pocket or jacket uniforms – Loose sheet inserted between the legitimacy of the officers – In the safe at the command Wearing accordance with the order number 125 in a dedicated pocket specifically meets probably the least likely .


At the time of mobilization and war dog tags should appear every soldier of the Soviet Army. Information about the proceedings of chips for not officers in the war at full mobilization do not have, but probably every reservist in the USSR has already been filled in forms and waiting for them with his dog tags stamped “wojenkomacie”.  Dog tag wz.1957 officially until now has not been withdrawn from the supply of professional officers and reserve officers.  During the intervention in Afghanistan in 1979-1989 conscripts and professional non-commissioned officers and warrant officers not equipped in the Dog. Chips were only professional officers and reserve officers. The Soviet Union never recognized the intervention in Afghanistan as the war and is therefore not expected procurement officers in the Dog does not like that it was during the war.

” Afgańcy ” would not be nameless , if you can not identify the body , used the method of their grandfathers and fathers of the Second World War. As containers yokes of personal data used shells from rifle and pistol ammunition . [13] These ” medallions ” were worn around the neck , in your pocket , in different ways . Each subunit was another “fashion” . A widely used ” custom ” was tattooing the chest near the heart symbol blood group , it was in many cases the only information for the surgeon or doctor , blood which needs to hurt. Immortals is issued as no officers serving in various garrisons outside the Soviet Union : Poland, East Germany , Czechoslovakia. In the late 80’s , there were isolated cases of supplied the soldiers , not officers who are outside the country, but the chips were individual ideas commanders not embedded in any orders in writing . Breaks down the Soviet Union , the Soviet Army ceased to exist , an increasing number of local conflicts in the former Soviet republics, bringing more and more deaths and injuries that can not be recognized. Public opinion in the federation is different than in the USSR. People are less likely to buoy and press the authorities to their children , husbands , relatives , for example, did not have to hit the ” refrigerator ” in Rostov n / Don as a nameless body. After the conflict in Tajikistan , mainly after huge losses during the fighting in January 1995 in Grozny , Russian army starts to design chips also szeregowcom officers , non-commissioned officers and warrant officer . Dog tag this differs from the officer’s just a series instead of one letter and six digits are two letters and six digits .


History of Soviet and Russian immortals has more than one hundred years . Times have changed , changed the approach to the determination of a soldier dog tags , but one thing has remained unchanged to this day , a soldier nonprofessionals Russian Army still lacks regular dog tag design . In 1997, he was introduced to the forces of the MVD [14 ] a new design dog tag that was part and used in the Army and Navy ( instead of a string МВД РОССИИ extruded БС РОССИИ or ВМФ РОССИИ ), but the chips in this formula are rare in the AFR and WMF . Seeing as new markings stamped БС РОССИИ wz.1957 tile in both the officer and in the version for non- officers. The films and photos of the numerous armed conflicts involving Russian soldiers we see young people from the ” gills ” on the neck, but they are usually ” samoróbki ” strange creatures engraving and casting , purchased individually or chips on the American model . The widespread introduction of clear patterns Immortelle certainly will not be a panacea to combat losses still present , but it certainly reduces the number of nameless dead . Is it still suffered this Russian nonchalance and lack of concern for commanders and authorities with a simple soldier ? Поживем – увидим a Russian proverb .

Zbigniew ” sapper ” Ziemińskifootnotes : 1 С . Б . Федосеев , Личные ( увольнительные ) знаки русской армии и флота , Санкт – Петербург 2008 , passim . 2 С . Б . Федосеев , op.cit. , Passim . 3 4 Follow the instructions on the issue of troops many characters : the personal character soldier received when he left his home unit for less than a day , but only for the evening roll call, the absence of the long- anticipated paper soldier exposed to such a pass , while serving on leave for more than one day instead of a pass or token exhibited ticket home at the expected time of leave. The subunits , each team up during planned exercises for dog-tag number . In 1937, the RKKA reintroduced large sign on the rights similar to the tsar . The chip design in 1937 instead of the companions and the regiment had only a mailbox number field , the rest of the information embossed on the tile were similar to those placed on the tsar’s numerous character. 5 6 In most cases, blank dog tag was made with parchment paper but with lower quality , often printed pattern on plain newsprint . Blanks of these had to be printed a lot , because wz.1925 medallions and blanks inserted themselves into other containers meet the 1939-1940 Winter War battlefields and on the battlefields of the years 1941 to 1942 7 8 9 , passim . 10 Приказ Министра обороны СССР № 125 3 июля 1957 г . Москва 11Вооруженне Силы СССР – Armed Forces of the USSR 12 Slang for badge completion of military colleges . Badges are worn on the right breast of the uniform fixed in a certain place of the existing Rules of uniforms . 13 , passim . 14 maneuvers , longer than one day in a number of signs was supplied with all the soldiers . This practice is probably the cause of such a large number of chips found on many characters the First World War battlefields and not considered personal

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MEDAL FOR Long Service

October 19th, 2013


Established on January 8, 1938

It was divided into three levels – gold, – silver; – brown. The award was the medal round with a diameter of 35 mm, which was the obverse Eagle State in the rim of stylized ornament and inscription: ZA long service. On the reverse was the Roman numeral XXX Gold, XX with silver, X with brown laurel based on a twig. Medal was mounted on the ribbon of width, 37 mm in magenta with a longitudinal white stripe width of 11 mm located in the center.

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October 19th, 2013


Established on: April 25, 1925,

theEstablished by Resolution of the Council of Ministers. Badge is a circular medal struck in silver, with a diameter of 30 mm, on the obverse of the coin there is a picture of an eagle state, and the rim an inscription: REPUBLIC OF POLAND, the claws of an eagle two diamonds, the reverse of the medal two-line inscription: 3 MAY / 1925, the following serial number stamped coin. Ribbon width 38 mm with cross bars  width of 15 mm.

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MEDAL OF DECADE regained independence

October 19th, 2013


Established on: September 27, 1928,

theSign was a two-sided medal round with a diameter of 35 mm bits in bronze. On the front side is relief of Marshal Jozef Pilsudski. On the reverse side was placed and the image which symbolizes a peasant plowing the ground work. Under the image umieszczno ten years of the date of limiting the Polish Independence, namely 1918-1928. Medal was hung on the ribbon width 38 mm color habrowego.

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October 19th, 2013


Established on: September 21, 1928,

theThe sign is double-sided medal with a diameter of 35 mm minted in bronze. The obverse bears the image according to the pattern of the National Eagle 1927, Eagle has hung around his neck, the ribbon of the Order of the Cross of Military Virtue. On both sides of the Eagle, just above the claws are placed numbers: 1918 and 1921. On the reverse side, in the middle of a ribbon tied at the bottom of the wreath of oak leaves is the inscription: POLAND his DEFENDERS.

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MEDAL FOR rescue endangered

October 19th, 2013


Established on 22 March 1928

Renovated Edict of the President of Poland. Badge is a circular medal struck in silver with a diameter of 35 mm, on the obverse of the coin there is a picture of an eagle state, and the rim an inscription: REPUBLIC OF POLAND, on the reverse of the coin in the middle of the inscription: FOR / RESCUE / dying oak wreath on the rim four interwoven with ribbon. Ribbon width 40mm white with a red stripe width 3.5 mm in the middle and takimż stripe along both sides.

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October 19th, 2013


Established by 1920

Established by the Head of State and Commander in Chief of Poles who came from America, who participated in the struggle for independence. Determination was one-sided, equilateral cross with a diameter of 55 mm made of bronze. The arms of the cross were sharply cut ends. In the middle of the cross was placed an image of the Eagle of the State, and on the shoulders of inscriptions: at the top – his soldiers to Z, the horizontal – AMERICA, and the bottom – POLAND liberated. Soak up the bronze, which are between the arms of the cross, embossed inscriptions: CHAMPAGNE, Lviv, Volyn, POMORZE. Cross was suspended for two-color ribbon (red and white) with a width of 2.5 cm

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October 19th, 2013


Established on: February 27, 1922,

theEstablished by Resolution of the Sejm of Vilnius. Approved by the Interim Commission Ruling on 27th 03 1922 Medal of the cross (a bachelor) bits in bronze, size 43 x 43 mm, on the shoulders of the front of the cross sign and date: VILNIUS-9X-19XI-1920; laurel wreath between the arms, in the middle of the cross in the grip of an eagle holding a shield with the the coat of arms of Lithuania (Quest), the horizontal arms of the cross reverse inscription: LITHUANIA-cENTER, the vertical arms of the two swords, the center of the circular disc, between the arms of the cross as the awersie.Wstążka rim width 37 mm, green with seven yellow-red longitudinal stripes width 2 mm at intervals of 3 mm.

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