Man finds military dog tags after purchasing storage unit at auction, hopes to return them to family

October 11th, 2016
by andrzej

One man who buys storage lockers at auctions found something that needs to be returned to the rightful owners.

He found military dog tags belonging to William C. Fowler who may have served in the Korean War.

“That’s ultimately what I want. I want these to the rightful owner,” said Adam Heaphy.

Heaphy purchases storage lockers at auctions.

He sometimes come across some treasures, but nothing like this.

Adam purchased a locker at A-1 Affordable Storage in White Lake Township for $275.

It was filled with some junk, along with a refrigerator and washer and dryer.

But inside, he found a box with military dog tags belonging to a William C Fowler.

“I wonder if they are real. So, I looked at them closer and I said, ‘Yup they sure are.’ Because of that little niche right there and then obviously a quick Google search, obviously confirmed it.”

After doing some research, William C. Fowler pops up on the American Battle Monuments Commission’s website.

This person was part of the Army’s 772nd military police battalion in the Korean War.

He was born in South Carolina in 1927 and was killed in action in 1951.

“I just want somebody that may know the family, maybe related to the family, even possibly knows the tenant of the storage unit that I bought and hoping that they would be like, ‘Yeah I know William.'”

There were other forms of identification in the box other people, possibly the person who had rented the storage locker.

We made some phones calls hoping to find those people, but haven’t heard back.

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The great conflicts of seventeenth-century Europe…

August 6th, 2016
by andrzej

Republic in the seventeenth century passed way from the superpower to “colossus with feet of clay.” After a century before, in which Jagiellonowie developed imperial position of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth there was a period in which an unwieldy democracy of the nobility led to the collapse of the powerful territorially and economically state. Victory military did not protect Republic of the economic crisis, internal and loss of meaning in the political arena. However, most of the seventeenth century Poland and Lithuania counted in international competitions and voiced their opinion in the major territorial disputes in Europe, or as an ally of one of the parties, or as a directly interested. The Republic occupied in the seventeenth century, vast territory, at the height of it was even 1 million km2. In the east, neighboured with the Russian tsardom, in the south of the tributary to the Sultan, to the west with the countries ruled by the Habsburgs, the Reich, from the Brandenburg Hohenzollern and from the north, the sea-with Sweden. This gives an idea of the extent of the Republic, as well as the political situation at the time when it is in close proximity to powerful states or aspiring to power whose territorial appetites are huge.In the seventeenth century, I distinguish three great European conflicts (1), involving at the same time a greater number of countries and influence on contemporary arrangement of forces: this is the Thirty Years’ War, the Swedish invasion and the war with Turkey. The Thirty Years War passed as it were beside us, we played as a permanent ally of the emperor, but we did not have in this respect more profit or suffered a major loss. (5) During the Swedish invasion were a party directly involved, which, although it was victorious emerged from this conflict very devastated. Battles with Turkey radically changed the balance of power in Central and Eastern Europe (1) Europe, but we have brought benefits only prestigious.

The Thirty Years War (1618- 1648) fell on the reign of Sigismund III Vasa (1587- 1732) and his son Ladislaus IV (1632- 1648). Zygmunt III Waza sided with the Catholic camp prohabsburskiego and for religious and political reasons. In 1619 years the emperor gave assistance in repelling the Transylvanians, led by Gabor Bethlen from Vienna. This operation is called the first siege of Vienna. Because Transylvania was a vassal of the Sultan of war declared Gábor Bethlenowi meant declaring war on the Ottoman Empire (2). Clash occurred Cecora in 1620, where the Polish army was defeated. Retaliation came a year later in 1621 Chocim. Turkish troops were repelled hand made peace in Khotyn. Austria also supported the Crown in its campaigns, eg. Against Sweden. In 1629 Austrian army dog tags donated to the Polish army at the Battle of Trzciana, the victorious allies. In the same year the Republic and Sweden made peace in Altmark, which stopped at the Swedish Livonia and allow it to charge duties of Gdansk trade. This room has been established through the mediation of France, which is in a state of war with the Habsburgs and in need of help Swedish. Crown, not quite that exhausted the war was losing huge revenue source. Zygmunt III tried during the Thirty Years’ War once again to support an ally by sending his fleet, which, however, was destroyed in Wismar in 1632. The largest and most bloody war has not touched a Polish state (1). Clash with Sweden was a conflict stretching long and fight with her were the result of alliances concluded during the Thirty Years War. Sequel war Polish Swedish is a Swedish invasion, taking place in the period 1655- 1660. The Lord of Sweden, Carl Gustaf (1655- 1660) and the Republic of King Jan Kazimierz (1648- 1668) were in this dispute constant antagonists, allies maneuvering between them. Karl Gustav headed for the attack in 1655 and a few months took a huge expanse of the Republic in this Kamieniec Podolski. The mobilization of the nobility and the King (confederations in Tyszowicach (2) and Łańcut, royal weddings in Lviv) caused that Sweden has decided to share areas zdobycznymi for help. Allies found in the Prince of Transylvania, Jerzy Rakoczym, the self-proclaimed king of Ukraine, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, the Lithuanians Janusz Radziwill, and elektorze Brandenburg Frederick Hohenzollernie. Współsprzymierzeńcy made a deal in 1656 in Radnot (3), where a pre-determined division of the Polish lands. There has been a massive attack repulsed by the brilliant commander Stefan Czarnecki and Jerzy Lubomirski. In view of the changing situation Brandenburg resigned from the alliance with Sweden in exchange for putting her in possession of Prussia (treaties welawsko- Bydgoszcz in 1657) and an alliance with Denmark and Reich allowed the Republic to beat Sweden. In 1660, it established the conditions for lasting peace: John Casimir finally relinquished claim to the Swedish throne, Sweden retained most of Livonia apart from the southern Polish skrawka- Livonia. During the Swedish invasion Republic has been devastated, the economy was ruined, and politically the most ważkim event was a renunciation of sovereignty over the Duchy of Prussia and Brandenburg strengthen the neighbor what had serious consequences in the future. With the tragic situation of the Republic benefited Russia. For seven years plagued Polish state in 1667 to conclude extremely beneficial for everyone in the room Andrusovo (4), under which the Republic of losing the Ukraine, which confirmed its weakness. The eighties were the Polish and Lithuanian period of rebuilding good fame of his weapons. In the war with Turkey has shown the strength and efficiency of their troops. ball chains After initially unused victories (Chocim 1673), which provided only temporary ceasefire Polish army could again prove their strength. Under the terms of an alliance with the Habsburgs King Republic, Jan III Sobieski (1673- 1696) in the face of threats of Austria began in 1683 with the help of oblężonemu of Vienna. This expedition, called the second relief of Vienna, ended the undisputed Victoria Sobieski. Hussars Poland crushed the Turkish troops. Christian countries deciding to war with Turkey concluded a year later an alliance called the League of the Sacred in the squad, which consisted of the papacy, Venice, Russia and of course Republic. They eventually defeated and forced the Ottoman Empire to sign the peace only in 1699, therefore already in the time of Augustus II the Strong (1696- 1733). Under the peace in Karłowice Republic regained Kamieniec Podolski, who was of course important for us to town but nevertheless in itself was a very small compensation for 16 years of continuous war. Republic in the seventeenth century took an active part in political life not only his part of Europe, but the entire continent. She managed to avoid the big losses that could touch her because of participation in the Thirty Years War (5) Her commitment has not been rewarded, however. Swedish Deluge though was a military victory meant economic disaster. The share of the mighty forces of the five states on the territory of one country must end in a big crisis (2). War with Turkey ended in an important peace in Karlowitz, ending 255 years of Polish-Turkish wars and providing end the power of the Ottoman Empire for the next 100 years. The victory over the Turks was the last chord forces of the Republic. The end of the seventeenth century opened Saxon times being in the memory of posterity sign of losing the position and strength of the Polish state.

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The Thirty Years War…

August 6th, 2016
by andrzej

300px-Map_Thirty_Years_War-pl.svg

The situation of the Reich at the beginning of the seventeenth century and the cause of the outbreak of the 30-year war- The division of the Reich approx. 300 principalities and different cities subordinated to the emperor of the Habsburg dynasty- Desire of France to weaken the countries ruled by the Habsburgs- Inhibiting the spread of the Reformation and the gradual displacement of Protestants by the Catholic princes- Establishment of the Union of the Protestant Elector Palatine of the Rhine Frederick IV at the head (1608)- Conflict of succession to the ducal throne in the Rhine – the establishment of the Catholic League with Prince Maximilian of Bavaria (1609)- Hussitism revival and development of Lutheranism in the Czech Republic – guarantees religious tolerance in the so-called. leaves majestic Emperor Rudolf II (1609)- Withdrawal of Emperor Matthias of obligations to the Czechs, the decision to transfer the Czech koruna and the Hungarian Ferdinand of Habsburg – complaint exit the Czech Protestant nobility to the Emperor (1618)- A ban on political gatherings and exit the Czech nobility – the second Prague defenestration antyhabsburskiego and the outbreak of the uprising in the Czech Republic (1618)- Antyhabsburskie uprising in Hungary, the prince of Transylvania Gabor Bethlen (1619)- Dethronement of Ferdinand II, and a choice of king of Bohemia, Elector Palatine Frederick V Wittelsbach.

http://www.original-dogtags.com/

The outbreak of war 30 years – the period of Czech-Palatinate (1618-1624)- The attack on the Czechs and Hungarians Moravia to Vienna- Defeat of Czech troops in the Battle of White Mountain (1620) – the bloody repression of the insurgents; confiscation of property; escape from the country participants rebellion- Room Habsburgs with Hungary in Nikolsburg (1622)- Addressing the Palatinate by the imperial army and deprivation of Frederick V, Elector title (1622) The period of the Danish 30-year war (1624-1629)- The breakdown of Danish and Dutch troops at the Battle of Dessau (1626) and the defeat of the troops of Christian IV in challenging the imperial army of Albrecht von Wallenstein at Lutter am Barenberge- The failure of Christian IV in Wolgast and the signing of peace in Lübeck (1629)- Restitution edict of the Emperor (1629) – warrant the return of church lands secularized after 1552.

The period of Swedish 30-year war (1630-1635)- Conflict within the Catholic League in connection with the increase in the strength of the Emperor (fear of absolute rule)- Accession of King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden for war – the seizure of Pomerania- Acquisition and destruction dog tags of Magdeburg by the army of the Catholic League with Johan von Tilly (1631) – the occurrence of neutral against the Emperor- The breakdown of the imperial army by the army of Saxon-Swedish under Breitenfelden (1631)- Swedish victory and the death of Gustav II Adolf Lützen (1632) and the rout of the Swedes at Nordlingen (1634)- Room in Prague (1635)

The extension of the war outside the territory of the Reich – French period (1635-1648)- France declares war on Spain – fighting in Spain, the Netherlands and Germany- The victory of France, after a series of defeats, the army imperial and Bavarian in Rheinfelden (1638)- The weakening of the imperial army – trying to make peace with Sweden by the Emperor Ferdinand III- The breakdown of the Spaniards by the French army at Rocroi (1643) – Franco-Spanish War to 1659- French victory over Bavaria, the defeat of the imperial army in a challenge with the Swedes at the Jankov – start peace negotiations- Another victory of French troops – at Nordlingen (1645) and Lens (1648).

Peace of Westphalia (1648)- Territorial acquisitions – Alsace and the bishopric of Metz and Verdun to France; Vorpommern for Sweden; Lausitz for Saxony; Pomerania and Kolberg for Brandenburg- Recognition of the independence of Switzerland and the Netherlands- Restoration of the Peace of Augsburg 1555- Return on assets Protestants received by the emperor in 1624- German principalities granting the right to conduct a separate foreign policy (the actual collapse of the Reich)

Effects of 30-year war- Increase the role of France in Europe and an end to the domination of the Habsburgs- Loss of life (eg Pomerania, Mecklenburg 90% of the population)- Destruction war – reconstruction of economic and demographic next 100 years- Strengthening of the Habsburgs in the Czech Republic and Hungary- The end of the religious wars in Germany.

army dog tags

 

 

 

 

 

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Peace of Westphalia…

August 6th, 2016
by andrzej

The multilateral system, which ended the Thirty Years’ War was one of the most important international treaties in the history of modern Europe.

Peace of Westphalia between the Holy Roman Empire and France and her allies in Münster and between the Habsburgs and Sweden in Osnabrück concluded October 24, 1648.- Adopted the provisions turned out to be unusual – emphasized prof. Henryk Wisner in the program “Chronicle of two millennia.” – It was a reflection of the emerging new political consciousness of Europe’s borders, which included the countries participating in the negotiations. First of all, it determines the placement of the text of the provisions of a transnational nature.What was the significance of the Thirty Years War and the Peace of Westphalia? Listen to the broadcast with the participation of prof. Henry Wisner.With the Czech Republic the whole of Europe- Thirty Years’ War began in 1618 as a creation of the Czechs defending their rights, especially freedom of challenges before King Ferdinand II Habsburg – said historian prof. Henryk Wisner. – After their defeat in the fight against Habsburg stood Denmark, then Sweden, Denmark and allies.Although the conflict was the ground of a religious nature that has evolved over the years. Another European powers joining the war sought through everything to weaken the power of the Habsburgs.Europe dividedEurope was divided into two camps: in one state were under the influence of Ferdinand II of Habsburg, moreover, the Papacy, Spain and part of the Reich, in the second: Denmark, France, Sweden, the Netherlands, and also part of the German principalities.- The reason for the internationalization of the conflict are religious antagonisms, centralist tendencies of the Habsburgs in Germany and the Habsburg-French rivalry – emphasized historian prof. Rafal Habielski in the broadcast Agnieszka Stecki 2001. – Not without significance was also the ambitions of Sweden, who wants to strengthen in the south of the Baltic Sea and subjected to its exclusive control.The Thirty Years War is divided into four periods, during which changed configurations vying for influence in Europe. How rolled lasted thirty years conflict? Listen to the broadcast with the participation of prof. Raphael Habielskiego.End of the warThe Thirty Years War brought many changes in Europe at the time. The Habsburgs came out of the war weakened. – They had to come to terms with the territorial losses of Germany for France and Sweden – explained prof. Habielski. – Sweden under the peace gained custody of Protestants in Lower Austria and Silesia.Much havoc has affected the Czech Republic, whose population has halved. For most of the lands of the Habsburg reigned economic stagnation. France has become a European power.

 

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Medical ID Tags I.C.E…

July 13th, 2016
by andrzej

ICE stands for In Case of Emergency – loosely translated means in the event of an accident. At ICE hides an ordinary phone number to the next usually family or friends for persons who should be informed about the incident first. However, ICE is not just for this, to inform about the accident or other sudden and unforeseen situations although this is very important to use – the number of ICE is also a gateway to knowledge for themselves rescuers. Thanks to the fast contact with loved ones, the rescuer can get a lot of important information, even about allergies, taking medications or chronic diseases. With effective communication, increasing the chance of peeling a good and secure the provision of medical assistance.Let’s move on to the dogtags this, in turn, military IDs, which first appeared in the US Army. But already during World War I army dogtags become duty also in the armies of other countries – including army has its counterparts. For many years the dog tags minted on the model of dog tags are worn also by civilians.

The answer to this question is simple – to increase their security. Of course plate with stamped quote or other meaningless message will not help rescuers to identify you, but stamped dog tag with personally identifiable information, social security number, said outdoor ICE numbers on plaques can knock out a few numbers, marking them in order, and so on a set of the most practical. Sami rescuers admit that upon arrival at the scene of the accident did not have time to search for wallets or phones – after all, every second counts. Dog but we carry on the neck and chest, at a critical point, which always reaches a lifeguard. As a result, we gain precious seconds and pass on important information to people who might make good and sometimes even life-giving thing.Why card in your wallet or telephone number ICE is not always a good solution? One argument already quoted – it’s about time that you arrive at the scene of the accident is not. The second issue, phones are often blocked. Moreover, the current smartphones are quite fragile, so when the case is damaged. Punched plates while they are indestructible – stamped data does not wear off, and the plates themselves are skin-friendly and do not rust. These arguments suggest to wear dog tags we recommend only those struck with contact information and personnel.

 

 

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What is the Dog Tags engraving…

July 13th, 2016
by andrzej

engraving dog tagsA gift that will remain a memorial to his life? Often searching for such a gift, we go to a jeweler. There, among the many models of rings, necklaces and watches we try to choose something special, which will remind us of the recipient’s person. With the help comes to us the opportunity to engrave the inscription on jewelry.

Dog tags engraving is one of the oldest ways of decorating. His story does not reach all jewelry. Even primitive people they left their traces, plowing into the rock, pieces of wood, or even animal bones. For historians it is primarily a valuable source of information about our ancestors, and for jewelery additional information about the engraving. Over the years they changed both the methods and tools. Today, thanks to the development of technology, we can engrave using a computer. This process does not take as much time as before, and thanks to him we have ensured a much more accurate refinement of detail. Through all these years, however, it remained the same meaning and significance of the engraving. It allows you to leave a souvenir, an established tool on a piece of metal.

Hand engraving allows to decorate the object truly unique pattern, so that it will gain in value. On the other hand engraving using a computer-controlled machine makes it possible to perform pattern with precision, which can not be expected from the manual labor. On the other hand, we expose the gift repeatability – the same pattern can affect many identical key chains and dog tags. In recent years, it enjoys great popularity also engraving pens. It’s a good gift for example. On the occasion of graduation or promotion.

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World of Tanks – AC1 Sentinel…

March 16th, 2016
by andrzej

AC1 SentinelThe creators of the game World of Tanks helped one of the seven survivors tanks AC1 Sentinel return home, or to Australia. The unusual vehicle was transported from a private kolejkcji in Texas to a museum in Cairnes.

What is so unusual about Sentinel ? This is the only tank, mass-produced in Australia. In the days of World War II, the United Kingdom was not able to provide their colony deliveries of heavy equipment. In the face of a potential Japanese invasion of Australia built 65 tanks Sentinel, based on the British Crusader tank.

AC1 was armed with a two-pound cannon and powered by three engines V8 production Cadillac. The whole weighed 28 tonnes and although it could withstand the battle with German tanks, a challenge with Japanese vehicles should have a check. At least in theory, because the invasion never happened. Sentinel will soon appear in the game World of Tanks and World of Tanks Blitz where you will be able to try it out on the digital battlefield.

 

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Missing German soldiers…

March 8th, 2016
by andrzej

In 1993, the “People’s League”, which was created after the First World War in Germany and had been banned by Hitler, his activities in Russia developed. At that time the activists had already found and buried the remains of nearly a half million Wehrmacht soldiers on the territory of Belgium, France and Yugoslavia under the leadership of Mathäas Gurskij.Today we are aware that the Germans who fought against the Soviet Union, even soldiers and to some extent victims of the regime were. Whatever one may take it well, they were their oath faithfully.Some years ago a military Memorial was opened behind the village Rossoschki in Volgograd. Many German families come Rossoschki, for burial place of their fathers, brothers and grandfathers, whose names are inscribed on 246 plaques. The monuments and the road to the cemetery were built for the money an Austrian citizen. Similar cemeteries plans to found the “national union” even at Novorossiysk and at Kursk.In the cemetery at Rossoschki rest around 30 thousand soldiers who once fought on this soil. Some of them bite with the teeth in every inch of the frozen ground and fought to the last man for their home. The others were uninvited come with the rifle, which had given them a terrible idea in the hand, and completely poisoned with a human nature strange thoughts about our “diversity”. This was a tragedy for both nations. Today Soviet and German soldiers have found reconciliation in brother graves in the dry earth of Volgograd.

A missing soldier…

I spread this information with the hope that there are perhaps descendants and other relatives of this German soldier, whose remains rest in Russian soil.This brand recognition has been found by the investigators in the years 1988-1990 north of the village Orlovka near Volgograd. Since both halves of the brand have been preserved, I have to conclude that the soldier who owned this brand, is registered as missing. One can assume yet that the soldier in the battle of Stalingrad in late 1942 – has fallen early 1943rdThe inscription of the identification tag is:Number: 1845Agency: 2nd Light Replacement Battery 214Blood А.With the publication of this information, I expect that there are people in Germany who are ready to assist in finding the person of the fallen soldiers, perhaps even his relatives, to give them this recognition mark as the last memory of her father, grandfather or brother Miss.To determine the identity of the soldiers, one can turn to the WASt. The German service (WASt) is in possession of a list of ALL dog tags, and can certainly notify the relevant members.In addition, you can, as I have been known to also contact the , if there are such, will be interesting to learn where their father or grandfather has fallen in this war. I know quite well the feeling that people feel in such a situation. I myself was for many years in search of the grave of my grandfather, who fought in the ranks of the Red Army and was killed on 26 July 1944 in the rayon of the city Bialystok. I can still clearly remember how my heart was racing when I received the official document from the Polish Red Cross with the Notification of the location of the funeral, as I then visited the city Bialystok, and the tears could not hold back when I stood at the grave of my grandfather, whom I knew only by the photos.do

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Trade with dog tags.. To bid for soldiers fates..

March 8th, 2016
by andrzej

For German eBayers only apparently prohibited.

 

Auctions of dog tags, identified as originating from missing soldiers “, since the company” not known “, it said in a statement eBay told . A plaque can eventually” from attic finds originate or away from the support to the son or grandson have been. “This statement, however, hardly convinced. As Gerhardt authority checked three offered on eBay identification numbers in a sample, it came promptly to the index cards of three already lost Landser.but very uneasy the subject seems not to be the auction organizers. For German users participating in such auctions is blocked – with two changes to the browser settings to the supposed lock can however quickly deal. For American and British co-auctioneers anyway does not change. They had, it is said in the company, contacted the German department on this issue.

Special ropes but had so far not appear: Two years ago, he had contacted eBay in this matter, says Gerhard. And although currently playing different dog tags are auctioned, there is no fixed appointment with an eBay representative.Missing persons investigator Guntram Berndt now speaks rather in Internet forums militaria lovers directly: “I have them written! People you buy identities of people The are then gone forever” Meanwhile, reports Berndt, would give him some contrite collector replied: You have indeed had no idea where the brand originated.”Vlad2308″ is now no longer registered with eBay. His dubious memorabilia he sells now reportedly about other Internet auction houses, where the so-called dog tags are also offered. On eBay, a successor has been found under the symbol “Szwarawilczyca” sold a Polish merchant equal dutzendfach dog tags German soldiers. Many of them are rusty. As if they had long lain in the earth.

 

Dog tags an SS paratroopers Important information for our users: This brand recognition is of course NOT in my private property. I use only this photo of dog tag found. If you should find an identification tag, please note the following: document -Fundort well Report –dogtag the German Dienstelle in Berlin or the German War Graves guiding concern and proposed If you do not do your commits Grave robbery and the identity of the fallen soldiers will be lost forever and relatives remain in the dark about its fate. I need you not certainly explain how terrible it is for a family not knowing what happened to a dear family member. Hope always dies last! So please keep an the two points and help it to resolve an unexplained fate and to give a family finally sure of the past and spiritual peace.

 

 

 

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The German dog tag…

March 8th, 2016
by andrzej

In Germany Dog Tags were first at the beginning of the war 1870/1871 Germany Kaiser Wilhelm I. introduced. The narration by the proposal of a Berlin should Artisans have come, the more sons had in the military at that time. Initially yet borne partly self-made brands. Full coverage were indicia However, until the First World War, then still without separating slot and full name, introduced. The experiences on the battlefields of World War I, where soldiers often were mutilated beyond recognition and / or months not recovered in no man’s land were, showed the necessity of these dog tags. Even today be Remains of soldiers found that can be identified due to their identification tag.

Since the 1920s, was at Brands Drain slots mounted. these the brand can be divided in the middle. The upper half remained with the fallen, the lower first went to the unit, then the Defence Administration. Both halves are identical labels, the top has in usually two holes to a band pass to lead and reassign the brand. The bottom has a “overflow hole” the lower halves of brand fallen to line up.

The marks were usually prepared from aluminum or zinc, in some cases, from Stainless steel. In Austria, before the introduction of the soldiers a capsule as part of the adjustment supported, wherein a legitimacy sheet was kept protected from the weather, worn. The stamp with the following data – 7th Panzer RGT.5 – Nr. 21 0 means: 7th Company Panzer Regiment 5 – Register # 94 – Blood Group 0..

 

The term “field training regiment” took place because the basic training – as opposed to recent Usance – did not take place in the Reich, but in occupied enemy territory. Units that were exposed to an increased risk of capture, such. As border guard units or paratroopers, or where in general at the capture unit should be veiled, were only numbers on their dog tags. It was intended that each soldier all four Military Branches had to wear a brand. Further Members of the RAD (Reich Labor Service), the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), the Organisation Todt, the police station staff, in war factories, Volkssturm, Fire News and- administrative staff, technical and emergency assistance POWs. From July 1942 was also the Customs Border Patrol dog tags. Key for the EKM is the book by Jean Höidal.

A metal brand that is worn in the war of all soldiers on a string around his neck.It is used to determine the personality with dead and wounded.The history of EM begins with a legend. A Berlin craftsman whose sonsin Prus. Army served, is an identity brand have established that he his sons with theField gave. Based on this brand should, if anything happened to them, to clarify their identity.Selbiger craftsmen to this brand the Prussian. War Department for introduction into theArmy have suggested and helped himself while the comparison with the already knownDog tax stamp.Of course that was a mistake, because how could one expect a Prussian soldier, a”Dog tag” to wear.King William I is said to have very excited about such a request. Finally, he hadbut be convinced of the benefits of such an identity mark and their introductionin the Prussian. Army agreed – if the legend.The royal Prussian.. General Dr. F. Loeffler mentioned in his 1868 published book on the”Prussian military medical service and its reform” first time “a Recognoscirungsmarke”…. “Nevertheless, it is the konstatierten by the North German Confederation by the experience of 1866Needs by formal introduction of a special Recognoscirungsmarkebe met. In the mobilization of each soldier will receive a sheet mark, whichis worn on a cord around the neck (on the naked body) and which with the labelthe military unit and the number which the holder of the register in his military unit, providedis. “…In the 1896 published book on the “armies and navies of the present” is mentioned that alreadythe war of 1866 against Austria the identity marks of soldiers in superstitious fear of deathwere thrown away. Need 8 months after the Battle of Hradec Králové were of thethere fallen Prussia only 429 are identified.After Theodor Fontane were in this battle but 99 Offz. And 8,794 man Prus. armylike.It is doubtful whether the brand achieved during the campaign of 1866 in the entirePrus. Army was used, probably she was carried by only a few troops.During the negotiations of the Geneva Committee of the Red Cross had been repeatedly discussedbeen that one means of determining the identity of heavy dead and woundedmust see.In any case, the authenticator must already during the war in 1870-71 in the Prussian. armyhave been in use, because there are reports that one of the dead soldiers, the identification tagand paybooks have lost.In the “History of the clothing and equipment of the Royal. Prussian Army in the years1806-1878 “Mila says of the identification tag:”§ 593. Behufs better establish the identity of remaining in battle or unconsciousencountered wounded receives the Ausmarsch the field (according to Section 110 of the Regulation onMedical service of the army in the field of 29 April 1869) each soldier one on the naked bodyaround the neck on a cord to wear plate mark, which with the owner of the registerthe military unit accompanying number and provided with the name of the military unit itselfis; e.g. -75- Rh.Cür.R. 8 – 2.E. (75 = personal number, Rh. = Rhine, CUER. = Kürassier,R. = Regiment, 8th = number of the regiment, 2.E. = 2nd Squadron, d. Verf.) Originally,the brand “Rekognitionsmarke” named and had the shape of a rectangle; the War Sanitätsordungfrom January 10, 1878 gave them the name “dog tags” and an ellipticalForm.”With safety so it can be assumed that these brands already in 1869 in the Prussian. armywas and it was issued in the mobilization in 1870 to the soldiers.Goods on the identification tag initially only the abbreviated designation and formation or unitsmashed the serial number under which the regimental matrikel the respective Personaliendeswere registered carrier, we went in 1914 by this scheme from.

 

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