Dog tags

June 12th, 2014
by andrzej

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Dog tags 

 

Is a sign of identity of an individual having permit the identification of a fallen soldier. Their origin dates back to the American Civil War, but before the First World War forced their widespread use. In acceding to the war, the armies of some formations were not equipped. Use of new technical measures, the course of events, and a huge amount of dead hampered their identification and records buried. Began to equip soldiers dog tags. Those found accidentally not necessarily belong to the dead. They were in fact often escape during the fight and quarters. However, an important trace which left a great war. Here’s how it looked in the various armies fighting for our lands:

 

RUSSIAN ARMY

 

Dog Tags (not all) in the tsarist army took the form of a disc of Avg. about 45 mm, made of an alloy of copper and have a hole to thread the strap or cord. They were worn around the neck under his uniform (at times that special pokrowcach) kick on him no. company, the abbreviated name of the regiment or other formations and a personal no. under which a soldier was listed in the records. It happened that on the reverse side of the soldiers themselves nanosili your name. 182 and Infantry Regiment belonged to the 46 th Infantry Division 25 Corps Armijnym. In 1914, the focus in the area of Hrubieszowa. In July 1915, he fought in the area Dzierzkowice and official against the legions of the First Brigade.

 

ARMY Austro-Hungarian

 

Soldiers had ckarmii Dog Tags (Legitimationkapsel) in the form of a rectangular opening medallion of dimensions. 50 × 34 mm. The upper part of the damage were to thread a cord which was worn. They are also placed in covers made of the canvas or leather. Was placed inside a special card containing the name, date of birth, religion, and other identifying information.

 

GERMAN ARMY

 

German dog tags were very diverse in terms of shape. They were made mostly of sheet zinc. They had two holes for hanging on the neck. Patchy was also the content posted on it.

 

 

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Dog tags in the Polish Army…

June 11th, 2014
by andrzej

Years of the 50th

 

First introduced after the war had a square shape dog tag, he was not breaking down as military dog tags and pre-war. The lamina made of aluminum were deposited:   – The name and number of the company   – The name of the regiment   – The number of individual The shape of the dog tag was modeled on the Russian dog tags. This kind of Immortelle force probably until 70-80 years of last century.

 

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Years of the 70th

 

The next type of dog tag dog tags is a round, perforated serving to break.   Were made of stainless steel with a diameter of 35 mm and a thickness of 1 mm.   They carry the inscription “Armed Forces of the Polish People’s Republic.”   The only identification is a number consisting of seven digits knocked on both halves.   Each of the halves was knocked out 2 holes through which the rope przewlekało maid to wear a dog tag around his neck.

 

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Years of the 90th

 

The next type is the same dog tag shaped like dog tags from the communist period so that instead of “Armed Forces of the Polish People’s Republic” was the inscription “The Polish Armed Forces.” The only identification data was knocked out number on both halves of the dog tag.

 

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contemporaneity

The newest type of immortelle (probably introduced only at the mission in Afghanistan) is modeled on the U.S. Army dog tags. It consists of a ball chain and two stainless steel blades. The difference with the American consists in that: the chain is clearly thicker than the U.S., moreover, is only one (the chain is not easy for the second lamina); plaques themselves are somewhat more elongated shape, and have no bent as plaque Edge U.S.; Both blades are mounted on a “ogniwku” which after breaking Immortelle is soldered.

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Dog tag with Prudnik

April 18th, 2014
by andrzej

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Signs of identity appeared in the armies of Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century. The German army during the War of St . developed model Immortelle ( dog tags ) in 1917 , which with some modifications in the Bundeswehr has survived until today.German dog tags from World War II . belong to objects quite often qualities found and collected by military seekers . They can be found on the battlefields , especially in areas where disarmed the ” in the wild ” small groups of soldiers who want to avoid Soviet captivity. On the ground Prudnik Dog Tags Wehrmacht , SS , police, Volkssturm and other paramilitary organizations get to the areas that were on the front lines or remained in German hands until the capitulation of the Third Reich.Presented next dog tag from Neustadt O / S ( Prudnik ) dates from the time of World War I . This is an earlier model , which provided full personal details . In this particular case it is KURT BURKHARTT born October 4, 1895 , the soldier was drafted into the two spare Battalion 62 Infantry Regiment in Prudniku in Upper Silesia and stored in the registry under the number 8 seaterInterpretation shortcut JB or IR ( Infanterie Regiment = Infantry Regiment ) is a trivial problem for explorers . According to experts on the subject of Alexander Rostock JR abbreviation is often mistakenly read as Jäger Regiment which regiment of riflemen ( jegrów ) . On the German dog tags Jäger name was usually shortened as JAG . or Jg. The surest way to verify the name of the unit is to check the number in the studies of the German army.In most cases the identity of the German characters appear the names and numbers of school units and spares, in which a soldier held training before being sent to the front. By law the number of the backup ( the school ) should be identical to the number of combat units . However, often former soldiers spare units were sent to other units. Especially then , when the situation at the front was critical. To fight as infantry pchano everything available: convalescents , recruits , cadets NCO schools , especially soldiers in other specialties .The author of this note is not entirely sure if other data on the dog tag means the place of residence of soldier in Dresden Street. Stars of the Leipzig No. 54 ( Leipzigersterne ? ) , Especially if properly translated the name. If someone correct me , I’ll be grateful to him .Dog tag Burkhartta Kurt was found along with others, and half of the third in the training ground and a large training camp (as well as a camp for prisoners of war, two world wars ) in Łambinowice ( Lamsdorf ) . All three dog tags related Prudnik and 62 Infantry Regiment . As has been found in this place, probably formed part of an archival deposit graph . A number of returning from the bondage of the former German prisoners of war passed here in the years 1919-1922 in quarantine after repatriation.Signs of identity in the case of finding them , along with the remains of soldiers usually are only able to identify the dead . They also allow you to notify the family of missing without a trace . In this particular case the dog tags from Prudnik were found “in bulk ” . So there was no sense of notification of relevant institutions involved in the identification and burial of the remains of German soldiers ( the Foundation “Remembrance ,” or Deutsche Dienststelle ) .Michael from Gogolin thank you for sharing associated with the history of the garrison in Prudniku finds. Another dog tag with Prudnik was exhibited recently at an online auction eBay.I guess we will never know what was the fate of the soldier Burkhartta . Presumably, I survived the war. At the end of World War II was about 50 years. According to the decree of Hitler of 25 July 1944 will be available for service in one of the 4 categories of personal militia ( Volkssturm ) . Perhaps you live somewhere descendants of his family. Life and history are full of secrets. Only a small part inherent in found objects manages to unravel the mysteries of the end. Maybe this time to the authors ‘ archive explorer ” smiles happiness .

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Dog tag American pilot..

April 18th, 2014
by andrzej

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Seventh October 1944 William H. Flannery , an American bomber pilot had to drop bombs on the factory gasoline in the Police.Approximately 13 hours the machine has been hit by the Germans. The bomber crashed while later around Lagenbergu , today the Holy . – History of the bomber was interested in January – says Dariusz Szaliński , president of the Association of Police ” Treasure” , which brings together enthusiasts of the history of this region. – In the vicinity of dances found in fact immortal American soldier . We contacted the association of bomber crews , which explains the fate of U.S. soldiers missing in action during the last world war activities . It turned out that Lieutenant John G. Schloendon a B17 bombardier said . His name is on the plate missing on the American military cemetery in the Netherlands.Americans today explain the fate of his soldiers , do not save it money and time. Last Thursday, the Police came to the members of this association .- John A. Gray and Cory D. Damm told about the history of the aircraft , the fate of the crew, about what they were able to determine – continues Jacek Porzeziński the Association Treasury . – So far, they have failed to explain the fate of , and determine the possible burial place about 30 U.S. soldiers missing in actions of war in Western Pomerania .With a 10 – person crew still missing are recognized : pilot William H. Flannery , co-pilot Jewel W. Lowrey , Duane E. Stowits radio operator , flight engineer Lloyd K. Lagasse and of John G. Schloendon , whose dog tag found in the surrounding gum .Navigators Paul Moll dog tags , Morris Arnovitz , Raymond G. Moon, waist gunner George Les Petty and the tail gunner Walter C. Strosser were captured .- The Americans were able to determine , based on the testimony of soldiers bombers and other documents preserved in the archives of the German , that one of the soldiers bomber jumped out of a machine that previously had been hit – adds Dariusz Szaliński . – He did not open his parachute . Whether or jumped , or was injured at the moment, or kicked him catapult , is not known . He could die falling to the ground, he might as well be dead fatally hit in a bomber . These are only hypotheses .Americans came to the Police to determine the burial place of the bombardier Schloendona . Visitors from the United States have one track . Located the tomb , where perhaps a soldier buried their army.

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Dog tags in Battlefield 3

April 18th, 2014
by andrzej

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Battlefield 3 has introduced a new feature that allows the player to broadcast more unique appearance of his dog tags. Allow not only to publish your nickname or statistics, which should boast. Visualize another in a very impressive way our style of play thanks to a very good and realistic sygnaturkom made. We managed to find a fairly comprehensive list of prints depicting some of the immortals that can be unlocked during the game. This is another nice Bajer, which significantly extend to many adventures with this title. Below you can see them. Warn, however, that it does not have to be a complete list. The game can be found much more metal to get.

 

As disclosed by the creator of the cycle in the upcoming Battlefield 3 they pass significant changes – will present not only the name of the dead, but his stats. In the latest entry on the official blog series Alan Ketz, a senior multiplayer designer in the studio DICE, revealed that Battlefield 3 dog tags are specific business card players. We will be able to choose their appearance and the fact that statistics are presented.

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Battlefield 3 Dog tags personal “calling card” players

April 18th, 2014
by andrzej

 

battlefield-3

Dog Tags is a cool element of variety to the game on the network in the Battlefield series – players can collect them, “breaking” them from the bodies of dead enemies. As disclosed by the creator of the cycle in the coming Battlefieldzie 3 they pass significant changes – will present not only the name of the dead, but his stats.   In the latest entry on the official blog series Alan Ketz, a senior multiplayer designer in the studio DICE, revealed that in Battlefield 3 Dog Tags are specific business card players. We will be able to choose their appearance and the fact that statistics are presented.

In Battlefield 3 dog tags go beyond the mere showing name [player]. We have hundreds of versions that can be your showcase. Every time you kill an enemy, they will see your dog tag. It’s your business card – a place where you can brag; Dynamic dog tags can show how good you are at using a knife fighter, present even your personal style of play.

 

Changes will occur also in the process of gaining dog tags from the bodies of our victims. To them “break”, will have to be a brutal blow to kill an enemy with a knife, overlapping him from behind, not giving up when it detected. Such attacks have a look “great” – mainly thanks to the animation-inspired series of FIFA.

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Missing in southern France

December 19th, 2013
by andrzej

doogtags

 

August 15, 1944 , the U.S. First Airborne Division Parachute Task Force ( FABTF ) was dropped west of Nice, in southern France. Then there was a large-scale landing of Allied troops on the beaches between Cannes and Toulon .A few days after landing FABTF given the task moves toward the Italian border , and thus the liberation of parts of Nice. German units defending the area was 148 Replacement Division , made up mostly of troops from Silesia. The German troops were not strong enough to stop the Allied advance towards the border with Italy. Their task was only to delay the march of the Allies and to give time to prepare a better defense in the high mountains at the border. From 20 August to early September , FABTF go towards the border. German troops were occupied defensive lines only on particularly favorable positions , and after a few hours of fighting defense retreated .One such defensive skirmishes took place near Villeneuve -Loubet , a small town in which I live . The famous unit called the First Special Service Force ( FSSF ) , an elite team made up of Americans and Canadians come close to Villeneuve at night on August 24 . Germany prepared an ambush by the roadside , wounding several soldiers. It stopped the attack FSSF that day. Resumed until the next night. On the morning of August 26 Villeneuve was surrounded and attacked simultaneously from the front and from behind. Several German soldiers have been killed , but dozens of surrender. One group , which consists of about 30 soldiers led by a Pole , surrendered to the French teenager , who told them that it makes no sense to fight anymore .In the afternoon, Aug. 26 Germany attempted to counterattack on Villeneuve , but their allied soldiers carefully waited in hiding and were able to easily reject the enemy , killed in battle a few wehrmachtowców further . A Frenchwoman , a witness fights, saw Polish soldier running toward the Allied soldiers with a white flag , which was shot in the back by a German officer . Similar incident described in the report Americans and Canadians . Many Poles wanted to give up, but the officers were using all available means , I would stop them .When I asked older people living in Villeneuve about this event , I was very surprised by the findings : ” Why do you want to know? Are you looking for the Germans ? ‘. I discovered that all those German soldiers died Aug. 26, 1944 , they were buried in a mass grave in the woods right next to Villeneuve ! Body initially left lying on the ground, but after a few days had something to do with them as it began to decompose . Local residents dug a big grave and buried in the body. For some unknown reason no one has ever tried to find the grave after the war. Since I am a medical student and have always been fascinated by forensic science , I decided to find the grave .The most difficult task was to accurately determine its position when it really was not sure if he really exists. But I made it to all older people and everyone was asking the question what he knows about the tomb . Everyone said something different , so I had to choose the most reliable relationships . Some repeating things they had heard from others, but I needed to eyewitnesses .An older man , more than 90 -year-old , he worked in the field when the grave was dug in 1944 told me that the bottom was between fairly old tree , a small river . I tried to watch the ground, explore the metal detector , view aerial photos , but nothing resulted because the area looked normal, and aerial photos also did not ask anything . Research metal detector was difficult, because the whole area is full of metal scrap inherent in the ground. So I started to dig a meter deep pits in random places after dark. After digging ten of the pits I finally found a human bone. I was very pleased and surprised but also shocked because I did not know what to do now . I did not expect that I really find German soldiers buried in a mass grave in the middle of the Côte d’Azur . I was not sure what to do now .Finally, after a long series of thoughts and discussions , organized jointly with the exhumation Volksbundem ( German People’s Association for Care of War Graves ) . They organized everything so that was an official character , but I was allowed , and the archeologist and kilkorgu medycyjny students participate in the work . Dug grave 18 and 19 October 2006 In total we found 14 bodies in it lying at different random positions. They were just thrown into the pit and covered with soil . Some bodies were lying on his back , the other on your stomach . Many items were next to corpses – were helmets, ammunition belts, coins , combs and buttons . An interesting fact was that only one body lacked shoes , and all were deprived of bayonets (even though the bars were the vagina ) . French civilians took everything that could be useful . The tomb was also a second , loose pair of shoes that have been removed from the legs of the fallen soldier , and then thrown back into the grave. I thought it rather odd , until I looked exactly these shoes . They were cut into fragments . Apparently, a Frenchman wanted to take for himself footwear , but noted that it is destroyed , so he resigned from his plan and threw them back to the grave.A few are in grave helmets were damaged by shrapnel or bullets , allowing us to determine the direct cause of death. One of the helmets was particularly frightening because a large piece of the projectile fragmentation went exactly by that helmet , dog tags the way blew the head of the owner.Other discoveries were poignant ring on the finger of one of the killed and several immortals . One was particularly surprising. He was found stuck in the bridge of soldiers , with a bullet hole in the middle of the plaque.In total, we found seven immortals , which we sent to Berlin. It turned out that one of them is too damaged to read the inscription , while the second could not even decipher . Germany used the immortals with the code numbers instead of the names of the soldiers , so that when a document containing the assignment of a number konkretnymu soldier has been lost , it is not possible to identify the man. I was very disappointed that the dead soldier can not be identified by such technical detail .Employees WASt in Berlin were able to determine the personalities of five soldiers based on their dog tags , and searching archival documents also found the names of two more soldiers declared missing in the area of Villeneuve . It was, therefore , they had to wear them soldiers , whose dog tags could not be read. In 2007, all the bodies were transferred to the German ball chainsWar Cemetery in Berneuil in France.As mentioned earlier, 148 Replacement Division was composed mainly Silesians. Most of them were either very young or very old as soldiers . It turned out that among the seven identified four soldiers came from Upper Silesia , two from the Czech Republic , and the only one from the land belonging to Germany today – from a small town lying at the current Polish border.After sending a series of letters , with the help of Volksbund , made contact with members of the families of two soldiers from Silesia and one from the Czech Republic . They were all very glad , to learn the fate of missing loved ones . The son of one of the soldiers came to Villeneuve- Loubet in 2008 to meet with me and see previous burial place of his father. Remained in place for a few days, and one evening , just before leaving , he told me something that made my search suddenly seemed to make sense to me : ” Look here … I lost my father at this point , but I gained a friend … ” .

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Old German dog tags

December 19th, 2013
by andrzej

About a hundred soldiers of immortals and thousands of personal items belonging to the former German prisoners of Stalag 1B Hohenstein War II , discovered during archaeological work in the construction of the S -7 near Olsztynek .When going to the end of October archaeological research found nearly 100 halves of immortals camp belonging to the Polish prisoners of war , Belgian and French , hundreds of soldiers boots , canteens , pipes , shaving gear and other personal effects .Out of the earth from the construction of the expressway also excavated a large number of glass dishes – beer bottles and wine bottles of perfume , plates and vials of drugs and various types of vascular medicine. Most of the objects found at the site of the now defunct pond, which at times served as a makeshift camp garbage .According to Hubert Augustyniak , who supervised the excavations near  , studied by archaeologists area was probably separated from the main camp area sanitary disinfection . dog tags embossed We discovered the foundations of the building, probably a former bath or hydrophone . Within the designated area of research we were able to find traces of the fence , defining the boundaries of the camp – said Augustyniak .In the coming weeks, which prepares the creation of the material finds. Items that have historical value are preserved . In the future probably will go to a local museum dedicated to the history of Stalag , which intends to create a commune  .On the traces of the camp encountered in April in the rabbit during the construction of the S -7 dog tags . Until the completion of archaeological research investment in this section was discontinued . Putting to use the route planned for summer 2012Stalag 1B Hohenstein was one of the largest POW camps in the former East Prussia. On the surface of 35 hectares were over 120 barracks. During the entire war in the camp of nearly 400 thousand . privates and non-commissioned officers . About 55 thousand . prisoners died of typhus epidemics , malnutrition and exhaustion hard work.

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Erkennungsmarke

December 19th, 2013
by andrzej

dog tags

 

Dog tags worn since the war in 1870. Were carried out in various forms, sizes and materials – there was no uniform pattern. Most were small, brass, round or oval, the top had two holes on the carrier string. For immortals quickly stuck the nickname “Hundemarke” (Pl. ticket for the dog). There were also versions for officers as jewelery with precious materials. Was commanded at least that on the dog tags were name and unit: engraved, etched, stamped or hammered. In 1915 was introduced the standard model Immortelle – galvanized plate with dimensions of 5 x 7 inches, above the name of the holder, a division of replacement / training and unit number less than half and the number of branch units – when changing stamped new and old strikeout.

 

In the end of year 1917 came the newest and latest in a model similar to the old in terms of size and material, but now had three long gap in the middle (where the target fracture) and below another hole. This formula has been used by the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht. Dog tags were worn on a string – his performance was not defined by law, but generally twisted rope used in the respective national colors.

 

 

 

 

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MiG-31 Foxhound ( 4 )

November 21st, 2013
by andrzej

MiG-31photo14

 

Development versions:

 

As was the case with many Soviet combat aircraft , including the MiG -31 and in the course of production has gradually introduced the first improvements. Made the conversion of hydraulic control systems for electronics. Has also been improved by increasing the engine power boost them through minor changes in the configuration of the turbine blades . Introduced a new generation of ejection seats K- 36DM Class 0 / 0 over the older KM- 1M. In the early 80’s plants in Nizhny Novgorod modernized one copy of the MiG- a31 , increasing the internal fuel capacity and simplifying production technology , leading to the formation of the first prototype of the MiG – 31M . Some design solutions implemented in serial aircraft MiG- 31B . MiG- 31B These attempts to enlarge the quantities of fuel were fixed point of the development of this structure. In the late 80’s launched serial production of the MiG – 3IDZ running refueling in flight. Receiver consumption on the MiG- 3IDZ is hidden inside the hull , as the rubber seals can not withstand the heat in the long flight speed of Mach 2.83 . Steps have also been made to extend the stay in the air for 10 hours , and extending the kind of comfort in both cockpits . Much less publicized event than desertion Belenki in 1976, was arrested in 1985 in Moscow Tax Fazotron plant worker who managed to convey to the U.S. part of the documentation relating to the complex S- 155M and RP- 31 radar curtains . Therefore, the Russians took up , as formerly in the case of the MiG – 25P, in a reconstruction of the MiG -31 MiG- 31B . The aircraft was modernized radar RP- 31A Curtains -A of the revised software and improved antenna. Also added the new missile R- 33S longer-range target tracking and head for greater resistance to electronic interference . For self- assembled ejectors traps UW -3A . Significantly improved avionics , data links and navigation systems . MiG- 31B can exchange information with other fighters , as well as ground-based stations . Reach new data link has quadrupled . The aircraft has far- navigation systems, radio systems Kwiotok A -723 -2 and satellite GPS navigation definitely improve reliability in high latitudes .Serial production of this variant was launched at the beginning of 1990 and until 1994 was built a few dozen aircraft . Currently gradually rebuilds the earlier produced MiG -31 variant of the MiG- 3IBS by using podzspołów familiar with the MiG – 31B . MiG- 31M Since 1983 he regularly worked on wspominanym over in a jiffy – 31M , designed for the latest system RP- 31M -M curtains and a new missile R -37 . The first prototype of the MiG- 31M was flown in the center . Zukowski, December 21, 1985 year by the B. Orlov and L. Popov . The most important changes have affected avionics and weapons systems . Modern Curtains -M radar used in Migue – 31M has a range of more than 400km . The new radar antenna has less weight and better performance than the previous one . Curtains -M is also characterized by more complex software , including . The aircraft was larger internal fuel tanks , new engines and a modified cockpit . Fighter takes about two tons more fuel his weight gain of 6 tons, and the drive unit are two engines D- 30F -6M for over 16,500 kg. A characteristic feature of the exterior is dog tags long fairing extending from the cockpit tray with parachutes inhibitors . Curtains -M radar can guide the latest long range missiles R -37 and medium-range R -77 . R -37 missiles are mounted under the fuselage in the amount of 6 pieces , and four R -77 can be mounted under the wings of the airframe . In October 1993 the MiG- 31M as the world’s first fighter shot down a missile R -37 airborne target at a distance of 240km . So excellent fire control system , combined with modern weapons significantly increase the fighting ability of the MiG – 31M , estimated by the designers at up to approximately 2.5 times higher than the initial MiG -31. The first flight of the new version was held in December 1985. To date, produced about 10 copies. Despite the excellent characteristics of the aircraft will not enter the service , because the Russians now plagued chronic lack of resources and the solutions used to Migue – 31M are no doubt very expensive, but some of the solutions to comply with the machines already in linear units . Construction of the MiG – 31M was used as the basis for the creation of a number of essentially derived varieties and specialty . MiG- 31D The construction of the MiG -3 airframe based M such design of a hypothetical satellite destroyer MiG- 31D . The plane was a modified version of the basic airframe . Before nasadami top large inflows of wings , the wings ońcach triangular vertical fins , and a drive unit adapted from the MiG – 31M . It was established as part of the ” Star Wars ” as the bearer of a special rocket developed przeciwsatelitarnej PRZE Wympieł office . Although created several prototypes , however, the desirability of the project was finally challenged . However, he returned to in the mid 90’s , the development of the civil jiffy – 31S . MiG- 31S This is one of the latest draft version of the MiG -31. It is a civil platform for launching into space, small commercial satellites , which is an adaptation of previously planned missile destroyer MiG- 31S . To this end, they provide missile Mikron , which will be light commercial satellite with a mass of up to 100 – 120kg into orbit around the Earth . It is also envisaged the use of the MiG – 31S when fired suborbital project rakietoplanów ARS ( Aerospace Rally System) , designed for training astronauts , test the atmosphere and apparently even for purely commercial and advertising tourist flights . MiG- 31BM Now preparing a new version of the MiG -31 , designated MiG- 31BM , having a model for modernization are in the service of the machines. Aircraft will receive a completely new avionics and weapons . The existing fire control system Curtain -A slot antenna receives upgraded with a range of 300km . This system acquires the ability to track a cell 24 at the same time and guidance to them eight rockets. Systems of the aircraft will also be adapted to the new weapons , including new missiles R- 37M , R- 77M , and 9M96 missiles from the system S -400 anti-aircraft . The cockpit , fitted with a new multi-function displays provide a more comprehensive overview of the situation of the battle for the two crew members to be in part analogous to the cockpit of the modernized MiG – 29SMT . MiG- 31FE It is a variant of the target export variant of the MiG- 31BM . The weapon set significantly enhanced with modern equipment air-to- ground : bullets przeciwradiolokacyjne CH- 31P or przeciwokrętowe CH- 31A , missiles televised CH- 59M or less Ch -59 or Ch- 29T (led TV) or CH- 29L ( guided laser ) . They can also be directed bombs KAB – 500kr or heavier KAB – 1500L ( guided laser beam ) or KAB – 1500T ( directed TV) . MiG- 31FE was in 1999 and in 2000, China’s National People’s demonstrated at an exhibition in Beijing. It shows clearly the efforts of designers aimed to significantly enhance a possible ” package” of a contract for the MiG – 31FE . Sam MiG – 31FE represents some trend to which the U.S. has , inter alia, Grumman F- 14D ” Bombcat ” which set of weapons also predisposes to perform ground attack missions . In Russia, the idea of reconstruction of MiG -31 multirole aircraft not yet received official approval , although more and more talk now about the creation of unified complex assault and data exchange , which may be used on any modern Russian combat aircraft . This may be even more important when there is a pressing need to fill the gap after the end assault aircraft SU- 17M4 and MiG- 27M and equality disparities hardware after the last reorganization. Anyway Standart work on the MiG – 31BM and upgrading to this level of equipment included in the service should maintain a high level of combat value until the complete withdrawal of all machines which , as already hinted above, there will be no earlier than about the year 2025/2030 . Severe interceptors will always play a responsible role in pańswie of such a diverse topography and Russia . Perhaps the flagship of the tasks performed today by the MiG -31 will slowly rest on the shoulders of the lighter SU -30 and SU -34 , characterized by a long range patrol and modern fire control systems . However, in combat missions , where the key requirement is a fast response to the identified risks and disposal of air cell at a very high altitude flight , and at high speed machines with characteristics MiG -31 for the time being, will act as a priority.

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