In Germany Dog Tags were first at the beginning of the war 1870/1871 Germany Kaiser Wilhelm I. introduced. The narration by the proposal of a Berlin should Artisans have come, the more sons had in the military at that time. Initially yet borne partly self-made brands. Full coverage were indicia However, until the First World War, then still without separating slot and full name, introduced. The experiences on the battlefields of World War I, where soldiers often were mutilated beyond recognition and / or months not recovered in no man’s land were, showed the necessity of these dog tags. Even today be Remains of soldiers found that can be identified due to their identification tag.
Since the 1920s, was at Brands Drain slots mounted. these the brand can be divided in the middle. The upper half remained with the fallen, the lower first went to the unit, then the Defence Administration. Both halves are identical labels, the top has in usually two holes to a band pass to lead and reassign the brand. The bottom has a “overflow hole” the lower halves of brand fallen to line up.
The marks were usually prepared from aluminum or zinc, in some cases, from Stainless steel. In Austria, before the introduction of the soldiers a capsule as part of the adjustment supported, wherein a legitimacy sheet was kept protected from the weather, worn. The stamp with the following data – 7th Panzer RGT.5 – Nr. 21 0 means: 7th Company Panzer Regiment 5 – Register # 94 – Blood Group 0..
The term “field training regiment” took place because the basic training – as opposed to recent Usance – did not take place in the Reich, but in occupied enemy territory. Units that were exposed to an increased risk of capture, such. As border guard units or paratroopers, or where in general at the capture unit should be veiled, were only numbers on their dog tags. It was intended that each soldier all four Military Branches had to wear a brand. Further Members of the RAD (Reich Labor Service), the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), the Organisation Todt, the police station staff, in war factories, Volkssturm, Fire News and- administrative staff, technical and emergency assistance POWs. From July 1942 was also the Customs Border Patrol dog tags. Key for the EKM is the book by Jean Höidal.
A metal brand that is worn in the war of all soldiers on a string around his neck.It is used to determine the personality with dead and wounded.The history of EM begins with a legend. A Berlin craftsman whose sonsin Prus. Army served, is an identity brand have established that he his sons with theField gave. Based on this brand should, if anything happened to them, to clarify their identity.Selbiger craftsmen to this brand the Prussian. War Department for introduction into theArmy have suggested and helped himself while the comparison with the already knownDog tax stamp.Of course that was a mistake, because how could one expect a Prussian soldier, a”Dog tag” to wear.King William I is said to have very excited about such a request. Finally, he hadbut be convinced of the benefits of such an identity mark and their introductionin the Prussian. Army agreed – if the legend.The royal Prussian.. General Dr. F. Loeffler mentioned in his 1868 published book on the”Prussian military medical service and its reform” first time “a Recognoscirungsmarke”…. “Nevertheless, it is the konstatierten by the North German Confederation by the experience of 1866Needs by formal introduction of a special Recognoscirungsmarkebe met. In the mobilization of each soldier will receive a sheet mark, whichis worn on a cord around the neck (on the naked body) and which with the labelthe military unit and the number which the holder of the register in his military unit, providedis. “…In the 1896 published book on the “armies and navies of the present” is mentioned that alreadythe war of 1866 against Austria the identity marks of soldiers in superstitious fear of deathwere thrown away. Need 8 months after the Battle of Hradec Králové were of thethere fallen Prussia only 429 are identified.After Theodor Fontane were in this battle but 99 Offz. And 8,794 man Prus. armylike.It is doubtful whether the brand achieved during the campaign of 1866 in the entirePrus. Army was used, probably she was carried by only a few troops.During the negotiations of the Geneva Committee of the Red Cross had been repeatedly discussedbeen that one means of determining the identity of heavy dead and woundedmust see.In any case, the authenticator must already during the war in 1870-71 in the Prussian. armyhave been in use, because there are reports that one of the dead soldiers, the identification tagand paybooks have lost.In the “History of the clothing and equipment of the Royal. Prussian Army in the years1806-1878 “Mila says of the identification tag:”§ 593. Behufs better establish the identity of remaining in battle or unconsciousencountered wounded receives the Ausmarsch the field (according to Section 110 of the Regulation onMedical service of the army in the field of 29 April 1869) each soldier one on the naked bodyaround the neck on a cord to wear plate mark, which with the owner of the registerthe military unit accompanying number and provided with the name of the military unit itselfis; e.g. -75- Rh.Cür.R. 8 – 2.E. (75 = personal number, Rh. = Rhine, CUER. = Kürassier,R. = Regiment, 8th = number of the regiment, 2.E. = 2nd Squadron, d. Verf.) Originally,the brand “Rekognitionsmarke” named and had the shape of a rectangle; the War Sanitätsordungfrom January 10, 1878 gave them the name “dog tags” and an ellipticalForm.”With safety so it can be assumed that these brands already in 1869 in the Prussian. armywas and it was issued in the mobilization in 1870 to the soldiers.Goods on the identification tag initially only the abbreviated designation and formation or unitsmashed the serial number under which the regimental matrikel the respective Personaliendeswere registered carrier, we went in 1914 by this scheme from.